Agricultural Mortgage Loans
By Kaushik Mukherjee

Agricultural mortgage loans have an important role in the development of mortgage loan financing. Before the onset of industrial revolution, people used to opt for rural mortgage loans on a regular basis. However, after the industrial revolution and the development of real estate properties, the mortgage companies shifted their stress from a rural mortgage loan to a residential property mortgage or home mortgage loan. The downfall in agricultural growth has further pushed the market farther away from the agricultural mortgage loans.

This situation has led the governmental economic policies to take serious steps for reviving agricultural mortgage finance. The efforts from both the governmental and private financial sectors have built new structure of agricultural loans, keeping in mind the changing demands of the new age farmers.

A mortgage loan is a kind of loan that can provide you with a considerable amount of money by taking any property as the security of that loan. An agricultural mortgage loan is one which uses the borrower's agricultural property as the collateral for the loan. This means, if after taking an agricultural mortgage loan you fail to pay it off, then the agricultural property that has been given as the security for the loan, can be seized by the lender.

The agricultural mortgage loans can help you in both purchasing a new property and developing the existing one. The lenders offer this loan to buy new lands for farming, or to buy new machineries to improve the production rate of the current business. Few rural mortgage loans offered by the rural
mortgage lenders provide a lump sum to start agricultural business with lower interest rates. This is done mainly with an aim to encourage people to invest in agricultural business and thus to strengthen the national agricultural growth. There are specialized agricultural mortgage lenders for this particular proposition.

The interest rates offered by a lender can be of varied interest rates and of different term periods. The principal amount is generally decided through a property evaluation of the rural land by the lender. In most of these cases, any location with good commute flexibility plays a more important role than the total production value of the land or property. The mortgage interest rates can be both of fixed rate and variable rate. The repayment options also can be of different types; for example you can choose interest only mortgage loans to pay only the interest amount for initial period. The tenure period can be stretched from one year to 30 years.

A rural mortgage loan is highly flexible and comes up with loan refinancing option. As you refinance a loan you take a new loan to avail more suitable terms and conditions than the previous loan. This applies in case of tenure period or interest rate or other rules and regulations. For example, if your current mortgage loan has a high interest rate, you can refinance mortgage loan to avail a lower interest rate. With a refinance loan you can also stretch up or shorten the tenure period of your existing agricultural mortgage loan. However it is always advisable to do a thorough research and opt for a suitable lender before choosing the best of the agricultural mortgage loans.